Livestock in Indiana has been regulated since 1971 when the legislature developed the Confined Feeding Control law. There have been steady updates to these rules, and in 2012 updated versions of livestock rules became effective for both Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) and Confined Feeding Operations (CFOs). A guidance manual, which explains key program requirements of the following law and rules, has been distributed.
The CAFO rule mirrors the federal requirements of the Clean Water Act, and the CFO rule imposes many of these same requirements on farms not subject to federal oversight. Both rules include requirements regarding locating, constructing, and operating livestock facilities as well nutrient management provisions for handling and applying manure.
Regulated livestock operations implement procedures such as manure and soil testing, careful planning of manure application, and inspection of waste storage structures. Both rules strictly prohibit the discharge of manure into waters of the state.
Indiana livestock producers not only follow mandated guidelines stringently, but they also proactively develop new ways to protect their resources. Indiana’s livestock producers work with organizations like the National Resource Conservation Service to discover new technology for the proper storage, treatment and land application of manure.
The Indiana Department of Environmental Management (IDEM) is the state agency which implements both the CFO and CAFO rules. The IDEM webpage housesinformation about air, waste and water regulations for constructing, expanding and operating an agri-business.
Manure Management Web Sites:
- National Pork Producers Environmental Energy Resources
- Pork Checkoff Environmental Sustainability Resources
- Pork Checkoff Environmental Resources
- National Cattleman’s Beef Association Environmental Resources
- U.S. Dairy's Environmental Footprint
- National Chicken Council Environmental Resources
- US Poultry and Egg Association Environmental Resources
- UC Davis Research on livestock’s impact to climate change
For more information on livestock in Indiana, visit our Livestock Program page.